Home / Science / 2 Big NASA Space Missions Ended This Week, But Don’t Panic

2 Big NASA Space Missions Ended This Week, But Don’t Panic

It’s easy for a fallacious mind to burst to concerned conclusions from this week, after NASA announced a finish of dual long-running missions: a exoplanet-hunting Kepler space telescope and a Dawn goal that visited a asteroid belt.

And those high-profile finales come in a midst of a debauch of other booster troubles: the Opportunity corsair on Mars stays silent scarcely 5 months after a planet-engulfing dirt storm, and a Hubble Space Telescope and Chandra X-Ray Observatory were both quickly offline in October.

But as NASA crew stressed during a news discussion Tuesday (Oct. 30) to announce a finish of a Kepler mission, a remarkable emanate of bad news is no reason to panic. “We always try to get as most scholarship as we can out of a spacecraft,” Paul Hertz, NASA’s conduct of astrophysics in a Science Mission Directorate, pronounced during a news conference, adding that a group has some-more than 60 scholarship booster during work right now. [Gallery: A World of Kepler Planets]

“If we usually collect out a ones that are removing toward a finish of their life afterwards we can make a story, though if we demeanour during a whole portfolio of spacecraft, we don’t consider we have a problem during all, we consider we are in a golden age of NASA science,” Hertz said.

NASA's inclusive Kepler Space Telescope has run out of fuel, group officials announced on Oct. 30, 2018. The planet-hunting space telescope detected thousands of visitor worlds around apart stars given a launch in 2009.
Credit: NASA/Wendy Stenzel/Daniel Rutter

Both a Kepler telescope, that identified some-more than 2,600 visitor planets, and a Dawn spacecraft, that visited a asteroid Vesta and a dwarf world Ceres, finished given they no longer had adequate gas in a tank. Engineers on both missions knew their ends were looming, given they could calculate remaining fuel estimates.

Both booster used chemical fuel to turn themselves behind toward Earth and lamp their commentary home; though that fuel there was no approach to learn from a apart emissaries. Sure, any goal could theoretically have been stocked with some-more fuel, though not though fattening their cost tags. And both missions lasted apart longer than they were primarily designed to endure, overcoming critical automatic problems along a way.

When a Kepler mission began in Apr 2009, it was creatively designed to final 3 years — instead, it lasted until 2013, when dual damaged greeting wheels forced a strange goal to end. The telescope’s engineers still didn’t desert it; instead, they reprogrammed it, so that rather than demeanour for exoplanets in one sold patch of a sky, it hopped from segment to region. Reincarnated, a telescope finished another 4 years of observations.

Dawn also survived reaction-wheel failures that threatened to sideline a booster during a finish of a stay during a asteroid Vesta. In Dawn’s case, engineers discovered it by regulating fuel to make tiny adjustments to a position. This booster also blew past a strange timeline, spending 14 months during Vesta instead of a scheduled 7 and some-more than 3 years during a dwarf world Ceres instead of a scheduled 5 months.

Although a predestine of a Opportunity corsair stays different as NASA continues to try to revitalise it by January, a corsair has outpaced a goals only as dramatically as a spacefaring cohorts. Its goal was creatively scheduled to final only 90 Martian days, any about 40 mins longer than a human one. Instead, a corsair has puttered a Red Planet for some-more than 14 years. [10 Years on Mars: Smithsonian Celebrates Spirit, Opportunity Rovers (Photos)]

(Opportunity’s cross-planetary companion, a Curiosity rover, also ran into a tiny hiccup in a work when a bug knocked a active mechanism offline. Engineers successfully triggered a drudge to switch to a matching second “brain.”)

Artist's painting of NASA's Opportunity corsair on a aspect of Mars.
Credit: NASA

As for a final contenders for depressed booster this fall, both a Hubble Space Telescope and a Chandra X-Ray Observatory issues were never approaching to be deadly injuries. In both cases, engineers knew a systematic instruments were unharmed, and that a troubles were likely caused by a telescopes’ gyroscopes, that control how a instruments asian themselves in space.

Beyond a misadventure list, NASA also has some beginnings value remembering. Its Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite, or TESS, picked adult where Kepler left off, commencement observations in late July, and has already identified mixed probable planets. The Parker Solar Probe goal to “touch a sun” launched in Aug and is creation its initial tighten approach to a star this week.

NASA’s new Mars lander, called InSight, will hold down only after Thanksgiving, prepared to investigate a Red Planet’s interior, and a New Horizons booster will ring in a new year by overhanging past a apart Kuiper Belt object.

So bend your chair belt — this float isn’t over.

Email Meghan Bartels during mbartels@space.com or follow her @meghanbartels. Follow us @Spacedotcom and Facebook. Original essay on Space.com.

Article source: https://www.space.com/42336-nasa-kepler-telescope-dawn-asteroid-missions-end-coincidence.html