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Fact check: What Trump pronounced (and didn’t) during his State of a Union address

WASHINGTON – President Donald Trump used his second State of a Union residence on Tuesday to pull a informed themes of his administration – propelling a wall along a extent with Mexico, dire for an finish to unfamiliar wars and claiming credit for an expanding economy – regulating informed arguments. Not all of them were true. 

Trump told lawmakers he wanted them to build a extent wall, suggested they had already voted to do it, and argued it would cut crime. He pronounced a U.S. economy was flourishing during a record rate, and claimed swell with unfamiliar adversaries and allies alike. The debate mostly built on claims Trump and his administration have been creation for months, some true, some farfetched and some simply false.

Some of his claims were not specific – that a U.S. economy is a “hottest economy anywhere in a world” and that he had achieved “impossible” production pursuit expansion – yet others were some-more specific. Here’s how his biggest claims smoke-stack up:

Immigration and a extent wall

Trump pronounced a “lawless state of a southern border” is a hazard to Americans’ reserve and good being. He pronounced he was seeking lawmakers to “defend a really dangerous” border.

Still, studies have found that immigrants (legal and undocumented) dedicate crimes during a reduce rate than native-born Americans.

Similarly, Trump sought to convene support for a extent wall by observant that a separator “immediately” changed El Paso, Texas, from one of a many dangerous in a nation to one of a safest. The city’s crime rate actually plummeted before a wall was built there, with aroused crime dropping 62 percent from 1993 to 2007 – a year before construction of a blockade began there.

Trump introduced a new explain during his speech, observant he wants immigrants to come to a nation “in a largest numbers ever” so prolonged as they do so legally. But his administration has attempted to cut off many avenues of authorised immigration, reduced a altogether series of immigrants a United States accepts, and administration sought to put new boundary on immigrants’ ability to explain haven in a U.S.

In Trump’s initial dual years in office, his administration certified 52,320 refugees compared to 99,183 refugees certified during President Barack Obama’s final year in bureau alone, according to State Department data. During Trump’s tenure, fewer foreigners have perceived visas and been authorized for authorised permanent residency. And usually final week, a American Immigration Lawyers Association released a report that found a 46 percent boost in a time it takes U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services to routine requests for visas, citizenship, work authorization, and charitable protection, an boost deemed “crisis level” according to a inactive group.

Trump also lamented a fee bootleg drugs have taken in a United States. He rightly remarkable that a infancy of bootleg drugs enter a United States opposite a extent with Mexico. But he left out a fact that many of those drugs enter by ports of entry, not a immeasurable stretches in between where he wants to build a extent wall.

To understanding with that, he called on Congress to build a wall along a border, and suggested lawmakers had already voted to do so. Trump pronounced Congress authorized a extent wall, yet claimed it “never got built.” The Secure Fence Act of 2006 called for 700 miles of fencing and some-more than 650 miles of that was erected, according to a Government Accountability Office.

— Alan Gomez and Bart Jansen of USA TODAY; Daniel Gonzalez, Michael Squires, Josh Susong and Dennis Wagner of The Arizona Republic.

The economy

Trump began his debate by touting a strength of a inhabitant economy. While many tools of a economy are stronger than he took bureau – some-more people have jobs and their salary are aloft – some of a claims were exaggerated. 

Overall, Trump pronounced a economy is flourishing roughly twice as quick as when he took office. It’s approaching to grow about 3 percent this year compared to 1.6 percent in 2016. 

Trump characterized that expansion as an singular mercantile boom. It’s not. The U.S. economy is estimated to have grown about 3 percent this year. That’s a many usually given 2005. And it was generated by a taxation cut and supervision spending that’s flourishing a necessity – a singular impulse during a clever economy.

Nor was U.S. mercantile expansion a world’s fastest. Last year, it did grow faster than other modernized economies, such as Europe and Japan. But rising markets grew faster. China grew 6.5 percent final year.

 

Similarly, Trump pronounced a economy had generated 5.3 million new jobs. Since Jan 2017, 4.9 million nonfarm jobs have been created. And he pronounced his administration had helped emanate 600,000 new production jobs, “something that roughly everybody pronounced was unfit to do.” In fact, given Jan 2017, a economy has combined about 454,000 production jobs, according to a U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 

The altogether pursuit gains nonetheless opposition those during those in a final dual years of Obama’s administration, yet they come during a time when stagnation is reduce and there are fewer competent workers available. And a production pursuit gains represent the strongest two-year allege given a 1980s.

Trump pronounced some-more people are operative than during any time in story – 157 million. The series he cited is correct, yet it’s partly a outcome of race growth. The share of Americans in a labor force is 63.2 percent, down from about 67 percent in 2000.

Trump hailed a advantages of an expanding economy. He forked out, correctly, that some-more women are in a workforce now than ever before, with 76.7 million by January, according to a Bureau of Labor Statistics. But prejudiced of that expansion follows ubiquitous race growth. The appearance of women in a workforce has forsaken in new years, to about 57.5 percent, compared to about 60 percent in 2000. 

And Trump pronounced stagnation has reached a lowest rate in half a century. It did for many of a second half of final year, conflict 3.7 percent, yet it ticked adult to 4 percent in January, mostly as a outcome of a prejudiced shutdown of a sovereign government.

Trump also pronounced salary are rising during a fastest gait in decades. The 3.1 percent annual normal salary boost in Jan is a fastest given 2009.

And Trump urged lawmakers to approve overhauled trade agreements. He pronounced a U.S. Treasury is holding in billions in tariffs from China. Much of those $250 billion in tariffs, however, is being engrossed by American companies or upheld to American consumers.

— Paul Davidson and Bart Jansen of USA TODAY

Foreign affairs

Trump reprised complaints that members of a NATO fondness had been treating a United States foul by not profitable adequate for a invulnerability pact. He took credit for removing NATO allies “to compensate their satisfactory share” and pronounced his administration had secured a $100 billion boost in invulnerability spending from NATO allies. NATO’s secretary ubiquitous has pronounced member countries would spend an additional $100 billion on invulnerability by a finish of subsequent year. The vigour on NATO members began before Trump took office, in 2014, when NATO members resolved to boost their invulnerability spending to 2 percent of their sum domestic product over 10 years.

Trump pronounced North Korea has stopped chief tests and has not launched a barb in 15 months. That’s correct. North Korea last launched an intercontinental ballistic barb in Nov 2017 and conducted a sixth chief exam in September 2017. Some experts contend a regime no longer needs to control such tests since of advances in a chief weapons program.

And Trump pronounced he is posterior negotiations to finish a quarrel in Afghanistan, one of a “endless” wars he pronounced have cost a United States $7 trillion. He did not contend what time duration that figure covers. A 2018 PolitiFact research concluded a United States had spent closer to $2 trillion on wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

An analysis finished in 2016 by a Boston University domestic scientist, Neta Crawford, estimated that by Aug 2016, a United States had spent or thankful $3.6 trillion on wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Syria, as good as on  funding Homeland Security. Crawford estimated an additional $1 trillion would be compulsory in destiny costs for those wars and in a cost of treating veterans by 2053.

At a same time, he took credit for troops gains in Iraq and Syria. Trump pronounced ISIS tranquil some-more than 20,000 block miles in Iraq and Syria when he took bureau and that probably all that domain has now been liberated. The extremist organisation usually controls a splinter of land, but it still commands thousands of fighters in Iraq and Syria, and has a extended network of supporters around a world. Trump has continued a tellurian debate to quarrel ISIS started in a Obama administration.

Trump also pronounced his preference to repel from an agreement with Iran meant to extent a chief module would safeguard that “this hurtful persecution never acquires chief weapons.” But Iran’s ongoing correspondence with that agreement, notwithstanding a U.S. withdrawal, is what’s gripping Iran pursuing a chief arms – for now. U.S. comprehension agencies resolved in a open comment this year that “Iran is not now endeavour a pivotal chief weapons-development activities we decider required to furnish a chief device.”

— Deirdre Shesgreen of USA TODAY

Veterans issues

Trump took credit for “historic VA reforms.” A law permitting veterans to go to private doctors if a VA couldn’t accommodate their needs or if they had to wait too prolonged was upheld in 2014, during a Obama administration. The boss sealed a law in 2018 formulating a new chronicle of a module that stretched it and also done it permanent. The administration final week denounced due new manners that would concede veterans who have to expostulate some-more than 30 mins or wait longer than 20 days for a VA appointment to go to private doctors instead during VA expense.

Trump also pronounced he sealed a law permitting a VA to cancel employees who subvert veterans. He sealed legislation in 2017 that combined a new Office of Accountability and Whistleblower Protection. The law also done it easier to glow VA employees. GAO found in a news final year that a VA formerly had “not consistently ensured” that comparison officials were hold accountable.

— Donovan Slack of USA TODAY

Contributing: Paul Davidson, Alan Gomez, Brad Heath, Bart Jansen, Deirdre Shesgreen and Donovan Slack of USA TODAY; Daniel Gonzalez, Michael Squires, Josh Susong and Dennis Wagner of The Arizona Republic. 

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Article source: https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2019/02/05/fact-check-what-trump-said-during-his-state-union-address/2780510002/

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