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Six Things About Opportunity’s Recovery Efforts

NASA’s Opportunity corsair has been
silent given Jun 10, when a planet-encircling dirt assign cut off solar power
for a nearly-15-year-old rover. Now that scientists consider a tellurian dust
storm is “decaying” — definition some-more dirt is descending out of the
atmosphere than is being lifted behind into it — skies competence shortly transparent enough
for a solar-powered corsair to recharge and try to “phone home.”

No one will know how a corsair is doing until it speaks. But
the group records there’s reason to be optimistic: They’ve achieved several
studies on a state of a batteries before a storm, and temperatures during its
location. Because a batteries were in comparatively good health before a storm,
there’s not expected to be too many degradation. And since dirt storms tend to
warm a sourroundings — and a 2018 assign happened as Opportunity’s location
on Mars entered summer — a corsair should have stayed comfortable adequate to survive.

What will engineers during NASA’s Jet
Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, be looking for — and what will
those signs meant for liberation efforts?

A tau next 2

Dust storms on Mars retard sunlight
from reaching a surface, lifting a turn of a dimensions called
“tau.” The aloft a tau, a reduction object is available; a last
tau totalled by Opportunity was 10.8 on Jun 10. To compare, an normal tau for
its plcae on Mars is customarily 0.5.

JPL engineers envision that
Opportunity will need a tau of reduction than 2.0 before a solar-powered corsair will
be means to recharge a batteries. A wide-angle camera on NASA’s Mars
Reconnaissance Orbiter will watch for aspect facilities to turn manifest as the
skies clear. That will assistance scientists guess a tau.

Updates on a dirt assign and tau
can be found here.

Two Ways to Listen for Opportunity

Several times a week, engineers
use NASA’s Deep Space
Network
, that communicates between heavenly probes and Earth,
to try to speak with Opportunity. The large DSN antennas ping a rover
during scheduled “wake-up” times, and afterwards hunt for signals sent
from Opportunity in response.

In addition, JPL’s radio science
group uses special apparatus on DSN antennas that can detect a wider operation of
frequencies. Each day, they record any radio vigilance from Mars over many of the
rover’s illumination hours, afterwards hunt a recordings for Opportunity’s “voice.”

Rover faults out

When Opportunity practice a
problem, it can go into supposed “fault modes” where it
automatically takes movement to say a health. Engineers are scheming for
three pivotal error modes if they do hear behind from Opportunity.

  • Low-power fault: engineers assume a corsair went into
    low-power error shortly after it stopped communicating on Jun 10. This mode
    causes a corsair to hibernate, presumption that it will arise adult during a time when
    there’s some-more object to let it recharge.
  • Clock fault: vicious to handling while in hibernation is
    the rover’s onboard clock. If a corsair doesn’t know what time it is, it
    doesn’t know when it should be attempting to communicate. The corsair can use
    environmental clues, like an boost in sunlight, to make assumptions about
    the time.
  • Uploss fault: when a corsair hasn’t listened from Earth in a
    long time, it can go into “uploss” error — a warning that its
    communication apparatus competence not be functioning. When it practice this, it
    begins to check a apparatus and tries opposite ways to promulgate with
    Earth.

What happens if they
hear back?

After a initial time engineers hear from Opportunity, there
could be a loiter of several weeks before a second time. It’s like a patient
coming out of a coma: It takes time to entirely recover. It competence take several
communication sessions before engineers have adequate information to take action.

The initial thing to do is learn some-more about a state of the
rover. Opportunity’s group will ask for a story of a rover’s battery and
solar cells and take a temperature. If a time mislaid lane of time, it will
be reset. The corsair would take cinema of itself to see either dirt competence be
caked on supportive parts, and exam actuators to see if dirt slipped inside,
affecting a joints.

Once they’ve collected all this data, a group would take a
poll about either they’re prepared to try a full recovery.

Not out of a woods

Even if engineers hear behind from Opportunity, there’s a real
possibility a corsair won’t be a same.

The rover’s batteries could have liberated so many energy —
and stayed dead so prolonged — that their ability is reduced. If those
batteries can’t reason as many charge, it could impact a rover’s continued
operations. It could also meant that energy-draining behavior, like using its
heaters during winter, could means a batteries to brownish-red out.

Dust isn’t customarily as many of a problem. Previous storms
plastered dirt on a camera lenses, though many of that was strew off over time.
Any remaining dirt can be calibrated out.

Send Opportunity a
postcard

Do we skip Opportunity as many as a rover’s team? You can
write a summary pity your thoughts here.

Read some-more about
Opportunity at:

https://mars.nasa.gov/mer/highlights/

News Media Contact

Andrew Good
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.
818-393-2433
andrew.c.good@jpl.nasa.gov

JoAnna Wendel
NASA Headquarters, Washington
202-358-1003
Joanna.r.wendel@nasa.gov

2018-192

Article source: https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7215

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