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So You’re Going To A Place With Zika? Here’s What You Need To Know

Adolfo Valle for NPRi

Adolfo Valle for NPR

Maybe it’s a dive outing to Belize. Or a journey in a Caribbean. Or maybe you’ve snagged tickets to a summer Olympics in Rio. If you’re roving in places where Zika is circulating, there are a few things we need to keep in mind — and move along.

The initial doubt is: Should we go on a outing during all?

If you’re profound — or perplexing to get profound — stop reading now and cruise canceling that trip, says Catherine Spong, a behaving executive of a National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. “Having Zika anytime during pregnancy is compared with risk for a fetus,” she says.

And even if you’re only thinking about removing profound in a subsequent few months, we competence wish to recur a outing to Latin America, a Caribbean or a Pacific Islands. Yes, guys, I’m articulate to you, too!

Why? Because after we lapse from a Zika-affected area, we should wait during slightest 8 weeks before perplexing to conceive, a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says — even if we felt excellent a whole trip. About 80 percent of people who locate a mosquito-borne pathogen don’t have any symptoms. They don’t even know they got infected.

If group do uncover signs of Zika, like a unreasonable or fever, they should wait 6 months before perplexing to conceive. The pathogen can dawdle in semen for several months, a CDC says.

Now, if you’re not in a baby-making business anytime soon, roving to Zika-affected areas is safe, a CDC says. You only need to take a few precautions to revoke your risk of throwing a virus:

1. Put a helmet on that soldier. Zika can be transmitted sexually. So use protected sex — or refrain — while traveling. “Use condoms rightly and consistently,” a World Health Organization says, and continue to use them 8 weeks after we get home.

2. Be certain there’s using H2O and flushable toilets. Mosquitoes flower in neighborhoods but using H2O or sewage systems, WHO says. These communities tend to have some-more station water, where mosquitoes breed. So you’re some-more expected to get bitten — and to get Zika.

These neighborhoods also tend to be overcrowded, that creates a ideal sourroundings for Zika to spread, says Dr. Karin Nielsen, a pediatric spreading illness consultant during UCLA. “You have to have clusters of people, who are sick, for mosquitoes to well broadcast Zika.”

So it’s best to equivocate crowded, bad neighborhoods if we can.

3. The 3 “Ls” can keep mosquitoes away.

Long-lasting bug repellent: “Short-acting ones don’t seem to work [for Zika-carrying mosquitoes],” Nielsen says.

DEET is a bullion customary for long-acting sprays. A repellent with about 20 percent DEET will final 5 hours. And a CDC says it’s protected for profound women.

“But doctors in Brazil are recommending a repellent picaridin for profound women,” Nielsen says. “It lasts for about 10 hours. And it’s reduction poisonous than DEET.”

Also, picaridin seems to keep mosquitoes during a larger stretch than DEET, NPR reported progressing this year.

If we do go with DEET, hang to repellents with concentrations between 20 and 30 percent, a CDC says. Lower concentrations wear off some-more quickly. Higher concentrations can be poisonous for children, a CDC says.

Long sleeves and pants: Mosquitoes adore spaghetti straps and brief shorts. The some-more skin we bare, a some-more bites you’ll get.

And don’t consider that you’re in a transparent during a day. “The mosquitoes that widespread Zika punch during a daytime, not around nightfall or during a night,” says Thomas Scott, an epidemiologist during a University of California, Davis.

So cover adult those elbows, knees and toes, even during a day, he suggests.

Light-colored clothes: Mosquitoes that lift Zika — called Aedes aegypti — are captivated to black clothing, a scientist figured out behind in 1938.

Red and violet demeanour black to A. aegypti mosquitoes, so these colors also attract a insects, researchers wrote in a investigate published in 1966. “An boost in black-white interface in a checkerboard settlement [on clothing], or indeed any flutter effect, done an intent nonetheless some-more appealing to A. aegypti,” a researchers added.

So when you’re around mosquitoes, hang to garments that are white, beige or yellow. Save a black and checkers for night when A. aegypti mosquitoes aren’t around.

4. Stay in places with screens or holder adult a A/C.

A investigate published in Mar found window screens are a many effective approach to revoke a risk of dengue — a pathogen identical to Zika that’s also widespread by A. aegypti. Screens reduced a risk of infection by 80 percent.

“Mosquitoes that lift Zika like to enter people’s homes,” says virologist Scott Weaver, during a University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston. “So use screens or atmosphere conditioning. Otherwise, we have to strengthen yourself from mosquitoes even inside your home.”

5. What to do when we lapse home.

Finally, after we get behind to a States, be a good citizen. You could have an infection even if we don’t feel sick. So if we live in a place with A. aegypti mosquitoes, keep adult these precautions for a few weeks, Weaver says.

“Just a compensate a small some-more courtesy to gripping mosquitoes out of your home or not encountering them outside,” Weaver says. “That can go a prolonged approach to shortening a risk of triggering an conflict here in a States.” Or only flitting a mosquito-borne pathogen to a crony or family member.

Article source: http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/06/10/480969498/so-youre-going-to-a-place-with-zika-heres-what-you-need-to-know