Home / Spotlight / The 100 stories that made a world

The 100 stories that made a world

“I frequency find someone, unequivocally anyone, who doesn’t know some partial of this story – a thought of a mislaid male who can’t get home after a war… a lady during home with a suitors. Everyone can tell me some chronicle of it, that is to say, it lives in them.” – Tess Taylor, poet, on Homer’s Odyssey

In April, BBC Culture polled experts around a universe to commission adult to 5 illusory stories they felt had done mindsets or shabby history. We perceived answers from 108 authors, academics, journalists, critics and translators in 35 countries – their choices took in novels, poems, folk tales and dramas in 33 opposite languages, including Sumerian, K’iche and Ge’ez.

–   Why a critics chose a tip 10

–   Is The Odyssey a biggest story of all time?

–   Who voted? All 108 critics’ particular tip 5 lists

Homer’s Odyssey surfaced a list, followed by Uncle Tom’s Cabin – examples of a opposite ways in that respondents interpreted a ‘world-shaping story’, with a ancient epic carrying survived generations of retelling, while Harriet Beecher Stowe’s 1852 novel was commended for being “the initial widely-read domestic novel in a US”. Frankenstein, Nineteen Eighty-Four and Things Fall Apart dull adult a tip 5 – that facilities dual womanlike authors (in all, women done adult 23 of a tip 100 authors).

The many renouned authors of a tip 100 stories were Shakespeare, Virginia Woolf and Franz Kafka, with 3 stories each. In among a recognized classics, there are a few texts reduction obvious globally: Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle, that directly led to a introduction of new sovereign laws on food safety, and Toba Tek Singh by Saadat Hasan Manto, praised as “a classical brief story that translates a mishap of Partition by a post-Partition sell of lunatics opposite a India and Pakistan border”.

It’s not a decisive list. This is only a starting point, aiming to hint a review about because some stories endure; how they continue to ring centuries and millennia after they were created. And because pity those stories is a elemental tellurian impulse: one that can overcome division, enthuse change, and even hint revolutions.

Top 100

The list was dynamic around ranked ballots and initial placed into forward sequence by array of censor votes, afterwards into forward sequence by sum censor points, afterwards alphabetically (for 73 to 100, a titles listed are tied).

1. The Odyssey (Homer, 8th Century BC)
2. Uncle Tom’s Cabin (Harriet Beecher Stowe, 1852)
3. Frankenstein (Mary Shelley, 1818)
4. Nineteen Eighty-Four (George Orwell, 1949)
5. Things Fall Apart (Chinua Achebe, 1958)
6. One Thousand and One Nights (various authors, 8th-18th Centuries)
7. Don Quixote (Miguel de Cervantes, 1605-1615)
8. Hamlet (William Shakespeare, 1603)
9. One Hundred Years of Solitude (Gabriel García Márquez, 1967)
10. The Iliad (Homer, 8th Century BC)
11. Beloved (Toni Morrison, 1987)
12. The Divine Comedy (Dante Alighieri, 1308-1320)
13. Romeo and Juliet (William Shakespeare, 1597)
14. The Epic of Gilgamesh (author unknown, circa 22nd-10th Centuries BC)
15. Harry Potter Series (JK Rowling, 1997-2007)
16. The Handmaid’s Tale (Margaret Atwood, 1985)
17. Ulysses (James Joyce, 1922)
18. Animal Farm (George Orwell, 1945)
19. Jane Eyre (Charlotte Brontë, 1847)
20. Madame Bovary (Gustave Flaubert, 1856)
21. Romance of a Three Kingdoms (Luo Guanzhong, 1321-1323)
22. Journey to a West (Wu Cheng’en, circa 1592)
23. Crime and Punishment (Fyodor Dostoyevksy, 1866)
24. Pride and Prejudice (Jane Austen, 1813)
25. Water Margin (attributed to Shi Nai’an, 1589)
26. War and Peace (Leo Tolstoy, 1865-1867)
27. To Kill a Mockingbird (Harper Lee, 1960)
28. Wide Sargasso Sea (Jean Rhys, 1966)
29. Aesop’s Fables (Aesop, circa 620 to 560 BC)
30. Candide (Voltaire, 1759)
31. Medea (Euripides, 431 BC)
32. The Mahabharata (attributed to Vyasa, 4th Century BC)
33. King Lear (William Shakespeare, 1608)
34. The Tale of Genji (Murasaki Shikibu, before 1021)
35. The Sorrows of Young Werther (Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, 1774)
36. The Trial (Franz Kafka, 1925)
37. Remembrance of Things Past (Marcel Proust, 1913-1927)
38. Wuthering Heights (Emily Brontë, 1847)
39. Invisible Man (Ralph Ellison, 1952)
40. Moby-Dick (Herman Melville, 1851)
41. Their Eyes Were Watching God (Zora Neale Hurston, 1937)
42. To a Lighthouse (Virginia Woolf, 1927)
43. The True Story of Ah Q (Lu Xun, 1921-1922)
44. Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (Lewis Carroll, 1865)
45. Anna Karenina (Leo Tolstoy, 1873-1877)
46. Heart of Darkness (Joseph Conrad, 1899)
47. Monkey Grip (Helen Garner, 1977)
48. Mrs Dalloway (Virginia Woolf, 1925)
49. Oedipus a King (Sophocles, 429 BC)
50. The Metamorphosis (Franz Kafka, 1915)
51. The Oresteia (Aeschylus, 5th Century BC)
52. Cinderella (unknown author and date)
53. Howl (Allen Ginsberg, 1956)
54. Les Misérables (Victor Hugo, 1862)
55. Middlemarch (George Eliot, 1871-1872)
56. Pedro Páramo (Juan Rulfo, 1955)
57. The Butterfly Lovers (folk story, several versions)
58. The Canterbury Tales (Geoffrey Chaucer, 1387)
59. The Panchatantra (attributed to Vishnu Sharma, circa 300 BC)
60. The Posthumous Memoirs of Bras Cubas (Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, 1881)
61. The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (Muriel Spark, 1961)
62. The Ragged-Trousered Philanthropists (Robert Tressell, 1914)
63. Song of Lawino (Okot p’Bitek, 1966)
64. The Golden Notebook (Doris Lessing, 1962)
65. Midnight’s Children (Salman Rushdie, 1981)
66. Nervous Conditions (Tsitsi Dangarembga, 1988)
67. The Little Prince (Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, 1943)
68. The Master and Margarita (Mikhail Bulgakov, 1967)
69. The Ramayana (attributed to Valmiki, 11th Century BC)
70. Antigone (Sophocles, c 441 BC)
71. Dracula (Bram Stoker, 1897)
72. The Left Hand of Darkness (Ursula K Le Guin, 1969)
73. A Christmas Carol (Charles Dickens, 1843)
74. América (Raúl Otero Reiche, 1980)
75. Before a Law (Franz Kafka, 1915)
76. Children of Gebelawi (Naguib Mahfouz, 1967)
77. Il Canzoniere (Petrarch, 1374)
78. Kebra Nagast (various authors, 1322)
79. Little Women (Louisa May Alcott, 1868-1869)
80. Metamorphoses (Ovid, 8 AD)
81. Omeros (Derek Walcott, 1990)
82. One Day in a Life of Ivan Denisovich (Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, 1962)
83. Orlando (Virginia Woolf, 1928)
84. Rainbow Serpent (Aboriginal Australian story cycle, date unknown)
85. Revolutionary Road (Richard Yates, 1961)
86. Robinson Crusoe (Daniel Defoe, 1719)
87. Song of Myself (Walt Whitman, 1855)
88. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (Mark Twain, 1884)
89. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (Mark Twain, 1876)
90. The Aleph (Jorge Luis Borges, 1945)
91. The Eloquent Peasant (ancient Egyptian folk story, circa 2000 BC)
92. The Emperor’s New Clothes (Hans Christian Andersen, 1837)
93. The Jungle (Upton Sinclair, 1906)
94. The Khamriyyat (Abu Nuwas, late 8th-early 9th Century)
95. The Radetzky Mar (Joseph Roth, 1932)
96. The Raven (Edgar Allan Poe, 1845)
97. The Satanic Verses (Salman Rushdie, 1988)
98. The Secret History (Donna Tartt, 1992)
99. The Snowy Day (Ezra Jack Keats, 1962)
100. Toba Tek Singh (Saadat Hasan Manto, 1955)

More from a Stories That Shaped a World series:

–  Why a critics chose a tip 10

–  Is The Odyssey a biggest story of all time?

–  Who voted? All 108 critics’ particular tip 5 lists

BBC Culture’s Stories that Shaped a World array looks during epic poems, plays and novels from around a creation that have shabby story and altered mindsets. The check of writers and critics, 100 Stories that Shaped a World, will be discussed during the Hay Festival in May and after promote on BBC World News.

If we would like to criticism on this story or anything else we have seen on BBC Culture, conduct over to our Facebook page or summary us on Twitter.

And if we favourite this story, sign adult for a weekly bbc.com facilities newsletter, called “If You Only Read 6 Things This Week”. A handpicked preference of stories from BBC Future, Culture, Capital and Travel, delivered to your inbox each Friday.

Article source: http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20180521-the-100-stories-that-shaped-the-world

InterNations.org