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Explainer: New Malaysia aristocrat to be motionless by five-vote infancy this week

KUALA LUMPUR: Malaysia will get a new aristocrat on Thursday (Jan 24) when a Council of Rulers accommodate to reason a vote.

The election is in line with Malaysia’s inherent monarchy, where one of a 9 Malay rulers or sultans will rise a sovereign bench to turn a aristocrat for a five-year term.

It was progressing reported that Pahang’s ruler is a subsequent in line, followed by Johor.

The bureau of a conduct of state fell empty when Sultan Muhammad V, in an rare move, stepped down on Jan 6. It followed reports that he married a former beauty black in Russia in Nov during a supposed two-month medical leave.

After a choosing on Thursday, a new aristocrat will be sworn in on Jan 31. Here’s how a choosing routine works:


The Conference of Rulers will lift out a functions as provided for underneath Article 38(6)(a) of a Federal Constitution to elect a new king.

Only a 9 Malay rulers among a members of a Conference of Rulers will attend in a choosing process.

The governors of a other states (Penang, Melaka, Sabah and Sarawak) are not involved.

READ: Shock, unhappiness in Malaysia over Sultan Muhammad V’s abdication as king

The Constitution states that a ruler is competent to be inaugurated aristocrat – unless he is a teenager or does not enterprise to be inaugurated as king.

A ruler is also deemed as not competent to practice a functions of a aristocrat if a Conference of Rulers resolves that he is unsuited by reason of feebleness of mind or body or for any other reason.

Constitutional law consultant Associate Professor Shamrahayu A Aziz pronounced matters involving a choosing of a aristocrat and his deputy, or dismissing a aristocrat was during the discretion of a Conference of Rulers.

On a choosing process, Section 2 of a Third Schedule of the Federal Constitution states that a Conference of Rulers has to offer a bureau of a aristocrat to a ruler qualified for choosing and whose state is initial on a choosing list.

If a ruler endangered turns down a offer, a Conference of Rulers can offer a bureau to a ruler of a subsequent state on the election list and so on until a ruler accepts a offer.


The choosing of a aristocrat is formed on a rotation basement concluded on by all a 9 Malay rulers.

The initial cycle of a rotation, from 1957 (when a bureau of a aristocrat was established) to 1994, saw Negeri Sembilan during a tip of a choosing list, followed by Selangor, Perlis, Terengganu, Kedah, Kelantan, Pahang, Johor and Perak.

The choosing list will bear variations with each election. After any election, a state whose ruler was elected as aristocrat shall be eliminated to a finish of the list.

Assoc Prof Shamrahayu also forked to Section 4(2)(b) of a Third Schedule, that states that when “there is a change in a ruler of a state afterwards on a list, that state shall be eliminated to the end of a list”.

Pahang’s Sultan Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah during his commercial rite on Jan 15, 2019. (Photo: Bernama)

In suitability with this provision, there is a possibility that Pahang competence find itself being put during a finish of the choosing list as Sultan Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah was usually admitted the ruler of a state on Jan 15.

“There is a probability that Pahang, that is now on tip of the choosing list, will be placed during a finish of a list due to the change in a state’s ruler. However, a final preference is during the discretion of a Conference of Rulers,” she said.

READ: New Pahang ruler familiar in state affairs, common stately figure


The central portal of a Conference of Rulers, meanwhile, has outlined a record involving a choosing of a king.

The choosing is carried out by a tip list regulating unnumbered ballot papers though noted with a same coop and ink.

The ballot papers are afterwards extrinsic into a list box. As shortly as a result is announced, a list papers are broken in a participation of the rulers.

The ruler with a shortest power who is not listed as a candidate for a bureau of a aristocrat or emissary aristocrat is allocated to count a list papers together with a Keeper of a Rulers’ Seal.

Only a rulers, Keeper of a Rulers’ Seal and a assistant secretary to a Conference of Rulers are endangered in the election process.

READ: Malaysian king’s startle abdication doubtful to impact honour for monarchy, contend analysts


During a choosing process, a Keeper of a Rulers’ Seal will provide any ruler with a list paper (with a name of only one candidate) and any ruler is requested to prove either or not a claimant is suitable to be inaugurated as king.

The claimant contingency secure a infancy of 5 votes before the ruler presiding over a choosing assembly offers him a bureau of the king.

If a successful claimant declines a offer or if a candidate fails to secure a compulsory series of votes, a voting process is steady with a assignment of a second-most comparison ruler in a seniority list of rulers.

The routine is finished usually after a ruler has supposed the offer of bureau of portion as king.

This will be followed by a Conference of Rulers dogmatic a ruler endangered as the king who will reason bureau for a tenure of five years.

Article source: https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asia/explainer-malaysia-king-five-vote-election-11148356